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Year 6 Maths

Mathematics and Practical Maths:

Mathematics is taught throughout the school following the ‘mastery’ curriculum’s three aims of fluency, reasoning mathematically and problem solving. The intention of this approach is to provide all children with full access to the curriculum, enabling them to achieve confidence and competence – ‘mastery’ – in mathematics. The large majority of pupils progress through the curriculum content at the same pace. Differentiation is achieved by emphasising deep knowledge, rather than just accelerating pupils through the higher content of the subject. Individuals are supported when necessary through the use of concrete examples, models and images alongside the school’s intervention programme.

Our intention is to get pupils to see the links between their learning in Maths lessons and the wider curriculum, giving them confidence to try different things and think ‘out of the box’. Pupils are encouraged to explain their learning and communicate it in both a verbal and written format. We want pupils to ask questions and be intrigued by the subject.


All pupils will have 5 Numeracy lessons and 2 Practical Maths lessons a week in Key Stage 2. Numeracy lessons are taught in groups, allowing more targeted support due to the groups being smaller. How the groups are determined changes depending on the cohort needs. Practical Maths is taught in mixed ability classes allowing the pupils to transfer their skills to real-life contexts. The two elements together cover the Mathematics curriculum.

Numeracy skills are embedded across the curriculum within other subjects such as: Learning Journey, Computing and Science.

Year 6:

The grouped numeracy lessons focus heavily on the elements of number, allowing pupils to develop their knowledge and skills in this area, including being able to reason and manipulate numbers and make explicit links between their learning. These lessons cover the topics of Place Value, Addition and Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Fractions, Decimals and Percentages. (For more information refer to the KPIs for Maths)

Mental strategies and formal calculation methods are consolidated throughout Year 6, with an emphasis on the pupils being able to pick the best and most efficient method for a calculation or problem. There is a greater emphasis on calculating with fractions in Year 6. (For more information refer to the Maths Calculation Methods)

Models and images are used throughout the KS2 Maths curriculum to support pupils’ learning. These include the use of place value charts, number lines, Dienes, place value counters, bar models, factor bugs and many more. The pupils are encouraged to do whatever is needed to understand a problem or question.

Time is also taken in Year 6 to prepare the pupils for the end of key stage statutory assessments (SATs). This preparation includes all of the above, alongside confidence building, experience of different types of test questions and practice through test weeks.In Practical Maths, the pupils will apply their Maths knowledge to different missions. These include: use of BIDMAS and algebra within the codebreaking mission as spies; using conversions and time knowledge to travel around the world, ‘Racing for Schools’ which includes a trip to a local racecourse to put their Maths skills to a practical use and finally designing their own skatepark using measurement and shape skills. Many of the missions cover a variety of Maths skills, allowing the pupils to transfer skills as much as possible. Some areas of the curriculum are taught solely in Practical Maths, whereas others are reinforced and consolidated.

Basic Skills:

A good understanding of basic skills is vital to be successful in Maths. These include: times tables to 12 x 12, division facts, number bonds, doubling and halving, reading scales, place value knowledge, counting forwards and backwards in multiples of 10,100 and 100 and related facts. These skills are reinforced and used across the Maths curriculum. This number knowledge is also consolidated through Basic Skill sessions at the start of afternoon lessons.

‘66’ Times Tables Test:

KS2 have a times table competition that runs half termly. The pupils have to answer 66 times tables questions as quickly as possible, being given a maximum of 10 minutes. Every term they aim to beat their previous time and get full marks.

(Hit the Button recommended in the Homework Learning Support section)

Primary Maths Challenge:

The most able pupils in Years 5 and 6 have a chance to take part in the Primary Maths Challenge. This challenge encourages them to use their Maths knowledge, think in different ways and to compete against other pupils in the country.

Home Learning:

Pupils are set weekly homework in KS2 to consolidate the work covered in their Maths lessons. This can be written or on computer using the My Maths program, alongside times table practice. Homework for Year 6 also includes arithmetic and reasoning style test questions.

Year 6 Manipulation of Numbers